6 Steps in Arranging Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring by Bach for the Organ in 4 Parts

Have you attempted to make an organ plan of a well known aria or a choral work? If not, it merits trying it out in light of the fact that not just you will have a great deal of fun all the while, will have the option to make another organ piece that you will love to play yet additionally you will become familiar with a ton about the sythesis itself. In this article, I will portray how to make a 4 section course of action of the well known Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring by Bach for the organ in 6 simple advances.

1. Take a music staff paper and compose the treble clef for the correct hand, the bass clef for the left hand, and the bass clef for the pedals. Associate the 3 fights into a framework.

2. Include a key mark (F sharp) and a meter signature (3/4).

3. Compose the Violin I part in the correct hand with the stems up in triplets.

4. Compose the Violin II part in the correct hand with the stems down. Know, that as indicated by the standard practice in Bach’s time, in the first score this part is documented utilizing spotted eight notes and sixteenths which ought to be played together with the last note of each gathering of three notes in the top voice. significado yeshua When you interpret it in the correct hand part, you can utilize gatherings of quarter and eighth notes in triplets.

5. Compose the Soprano part in the left hand one octave lower. Along these lines the chorale tune will sound in a tenor territory. The chorale tune will sound well on an independent enrollment, for example, a delicate reed.

6. Compose the Cello part in the pedals which will be played utilizing delicate 16′ and 8′ stops.

The Violin II part will fit pleasantly to the correct hand part. Despite the fact that there are some voice intersections between the two violins, all in all, the correct hand can play these two voices effectively. You can have this impact utilizing woodwinds 8′ and 4′.

Since in this course of action you need to play 2 voices in the correct hand, for certain individuals who have minimal appropriate organ preparing background it probably won’t be as simple as it might appear. In the event that you are toward the starting phases of organ playing, I suggest the 3 section variant which will likewise stable well indeed. Simply discard the stage 4.

After the way toward orchestrating this awesome piece for the organ you will know how the sort is put out on an a lot further level than before which will likewise assist you with advancing in the field of music hypothesis.

You can play your game plan starting from the written form on paper or you can utilize your preferred music documentation programming to decipher it. Pick whatever is increasingly agreeable for you yet remember to regard your plan as a certified organ sythesis while you play and practice it.

Criminal Lower Protects

Anyone that has ever been caught or found guilty of a felony in Canada is at a definite disadvantage when it comes to securing and keeping a job. A person’s criminal record is without difficulty accessible to the general public and can be easily accessed by anyone that wishes to test it, including current and potential employers. Because of modern technology, all it takes is the click of a mouse to get into a broad assortment of information on any personality, including details of their criminal file history.

It is customary practice for many employers to conduct criminal record checks on all job hopefuls prior to hiring. It stands to reason that a prospective employee with a criminal record has less chance of being hired than a comparable contender without a criminal past. Lots of employers would be tentative to take into service a candidate when it was divulged that he had a criminal background. Even though the charges on record are viewed as petty, they may cause employers to suspect the prospective employee’s character, as well Criminal Lawyers Brampton as their honesty and judgement. In numerous professions, possessing a criminal background would all but remove any chance of being hired. Some occupations require that employees be bonded; however, bonding companies are wary when insuring an individual with a criminal background and predictably charge employers more – often more than the employer is prepared to pay out.

Opportunely, it is possible, in most cases, to have a Canadian criminal record deleted with a pardon. A criminal pardon will warrant that all of a person’s criminal files and charges are separated from other personal documentation and made inaccessible to individuals and organizations such as employers, educational institutes, volunteer clubs, and bonding companies; in essence, it is sealing the criminal record. In addition, any person who has been found guilty under Canadian law can request from the Canadian government for a pardon once their prison term is completed and a certain period of time has elapsed.

There are lots of pros in obtaining a criminal record pardon, mainly for those seeking employment or professional progress. The Canadian Human Rights Act keeps individuals who have received pardons from intolerance, specifically from employers and landlords. The Criminal Record Act does away with the requirement for employees to expose pardoned guilty verdicts on government employment forms. By using the professional assistance of a firm that specializes in getting hold of pardons, the knotty pardon process can be completed in as quick as 8 months.

Competition in today’s career market is harsh, and employers are more meticulous and astute in the selection process than ever before. They have quick access to all types of data when examining the backgrounds of would-be employees. Having a criminal record puts a probable employee at a crippling disadvantage. For people in search of employment, getting hold of a criminal pardon can do more to build up their viability for employment and career advancement than anything else they might do. For employees who live with the continuous concern that at anytime their hidden criminal record could be made known to their employer, causing shame and inflicting havoc on their careers, acquiring a criminal pardon could put forward equanimity. A Canada pardon sets the tone for equality for people with criminal pasts, making it possible for them to find success and security.


What Does a Criminal Lawyer Do?

A lawyer having studied and specialized in criminal law is known as a criminal law lawyer. Such a lawyer is qualified for defending someone who is alleged to have committed a crime, as also the government for prosecuting the alleged accused. A criminal case would generally involve a defense lawyer that defends the defendant, meaning the alleged criminal, and another lawyer that represents the government, known as a prosecutor. Defense lawyers practicing criminal law are capable of defending their client against a variety of cases, varying from a ticket-less travel to an allegation of crime like murder, whereas prosecutors work for the government for getting the alleged criminal prosecuted.

A lawyer specializing in criminal law may be employed by the government or by a law firm, as well as practice independently. At times, the government hires such attorneys for representing the defendants. These are known as public defenders. In certain countries, the government provides the Criminal Lawyers Brampton services of a public defender for alleged criminals who are unable to hire a defendant on their own.

The main task of lawyers in such cases it to provide legal support to their clients. For carrying their job effectively, it is imperative for the lawyers to overlook their personal view about the case they are defending. For instance, a defense lawyer needs to defend his client of the charges framed, irrespective of his personal belief if the client is innocent or guilty.

Lawyers practicing criminal law are required to appear in court quite often. Apart from the time they need to spend during the trial, they also appear in court to represent their client on different occasions, like bail hearings.

Before appearing in court, a criminal lawyer has to perform quite a few jobs. They need to spend a considerable amount of time in gathering all the relevant information from their clients before the court proceedings are started. When the prosecutors give a plea bargain to the defendant, it is the responsibility of the defense lawyer to discus the subject with the defendants. The defense lawyer would educate the defendant on the legal implications or consequences of accepting a plea bargain.

A lawyer practicing the criminal law is often required to carry legal research to find out case laws or legal interpretation which could strengthen the case of the client he is defending. Another significant job of such a lawyer is to record the statements of various witnesses associated with the case. Moreover, at times, they may hire the services of professional investigators to investigate certain parts of the case, and present the results of such investigations to the court for the benefit of their clients. They could also hire proficient witnesses to help the case of the defendants.


How to Beat a Poker Bot in Online Poker

The most recent fierceness by poker devotees and software engineers is to make and utilize a poker bot that will naturally play online poker with practically no human collaboration, with a definitive objective of winning cash. This ongoing fever has frightened both online poker locales and players as the dread of a PC program with the ability to win online poker will basically have the option to beat live thinking players about their well deserved cash and in the end burglarize the poker destinations of value players reluctant to play against such a large number of poker bots.

An ongoing industry concentrate presumed that 12% of online poker players were worried about or had totally quit playing on the web poker in light of the ongoing poker bot rage. poker online deposit murah That basically sends players disconnected instead of hazard their cash against these new PC produced poker bots.

Notwithstanding, there are a few different ways to beat a poker bot in online poker, and realizing these techniques will positively give the human player back the edge against poker bots. One truth that makes a poker bot a superior player is that they do not have the human feeling or intensity of thinking that a human must utilize when playing on the web poker. A poker bot isn’t able to go on ’tilt’ or blow up when they are the casualties of a terrible beat.

In playing on the web poker, human players are facing two significant preferences. One is the PC produced code made by the poker locales to decide mixes, arrangements and results of a hand, while the other weakness, similarly as perilous to your bankroll, is the poker bot, that is pre-customized with every one of the insights and probabilities of the game.

By and by, you can utilize the PC produced codes of the poker destinations and poker bots against them in the event that you see how they work. A poker bot is restricted to settling on choices dependent on the play of the game as to its factual investigation of poker. At the end of the day, a poker bot will just settle on choices dependent on known examples in the game.

Additionally, the online poker locales, which effectively endeavor to recognize and frustrate the endeavors of poker bot software engineers and clients, have actualized a counter-measure to the poker bots, utilizing the equivalent known examples. By executing a counter measure to the poker bots, a poker site can guarantee that a poker bot won’t win since the poker bots activities are unsurprising and bound to a range of abilities straightforwardly identified with factual chances and likelihood.

Online Casino Bonuses

You’ve probably seen that most online casinos advertisements usually offer some sort of bonus or FREE money to get you to start playing there. Like most things in the world, nothing really comes free, so before you start claiming this free money and then getting upset that you’ve been scammed, I suggest you keep reading and see how this all works.

First of all, you may ask; why do online casinos even offer this “free” money?

It’s part of their marketing and differentiation strategy. In a nutshell, online casinos are generally “skins” of a specific software provider, so actually behind the different owner, graphics, licensing etc under the bonnet there’s not much difference between let’s say all Playtech powered casinos, or all Microgaming powered ones.

So, if they are mostly the same below the hood, there needs to be some sort of difference which will convince you to play at “X” online casino and not “Y”. Besides the graphics, licensing, support and reputation, another way to pitch to potential players is by giving them something, in this case, a bonus.

Having put that out of the way, the next question you might ask yourself is: OK, so Casino 먹튀검증 X is offering $5,000 free, maybe I’ll sign up, take my $5,000, play them out and go on to Casino Y.

The answer here is pretty simple as well. In order to claim bonuses at at an online casino, you will usually need to make a deposit, unless it’s specifically stated that you don’t, but we’ll get to that later.

Before we sink into the beef of the different types of bonuses offered at online casinos, here are a few extra terms and points you should be aware of, so you can clarify them with a support representative before claiming a bonus, just so you know where you stand and what you’re claiming.

1. Wagering requirements: Most bonuses have wagering or playthrough requirements, meaning that you need to play a certain amount before you can withdraw winning from your account. On average wagering requirements are usually between 15 to 40 times, however pay attention to what you are required to wager. In some cases it will be just the bonus times X and in others you will need to wager the bonus + your deposit amount X times. The latter by the way is more common.

Another tidbit you should pay attention to with regards to wagering requirements is, that at most online casinos, if you request a withdrawal before you have completed the wagering requirements, all your winnings to date will be void. Not really fair, but this is reality.

2. Games played: Make sure you read the T&Cs in this case. Because slots games are generally the most profitable games for online casinos, many bonuses tend to be valid only for slots games. Usually scratch cards and keno will comply with this rule.

In other cases, you will be allowed to play your bonus on all games; however not all games will count 100% towards the playthrough requirements. For example play on slots will count 100% but roulette will only count 30%, meaning that you will actually need to wager over three times more in order to clear the wagering requirements and withdraw your winnings.

3. Minimum deposit requirement: In most cases, in order to claim a bonus you will be required to make a minimum deposit, which again can vary. It’s generally a small amount which you will probably deposit anyway. It’s usually not over $50.

Now that we’re all on the same page and speaking the same language, it’s time we went through the main types of bonuses available at most online casinos.

1. A Match bonus is the most common type of bonus. For every $ you deposit, you will be credited X% of what you deposited by the casino. So, if, for example, casino Z is offering a 100% match bonus, deposit $100 and the casino will give you an extra $100 in bonus money. This means that actually start playing at the casino with $200. Match bonuses are almost always limited to a certain maximum bonus amount you can claim. A match bonus can be a standalone bonus as part of a promotion (more common at US friendly online casinos) and/or as part of the welcome bonus

2. A welcome bonus is generally offered by most, if not all, online casinos to new players who sign up and make their first deposit at the casino. The welcome bonus is the sum of all the possible match bonuses you can accumulate as a new player at the casino over a specific period of time, or within your first X deposits, or a mix of the two; so if a casino advertises a $3000 welcome bonus, it’s actually the maximum you can get with the 1st deposit bonus, second deposit bonus, monthly bonus etc, where if you deposit the maximum amount of each match bonus, you can reach the advertised welcome bonus. If you deposit less than needed for the maximum bonus in each stage, you won’t reach the amount advertised in the welcome bonus. So, in fact, the welcome bonus advertised is the MAXIMIUM amount you can claim in bonus money during your first period of playing at the casino.

3. A No deposit bonus is pretty self-explanatory. It’s a bonus you receive from an online casino which will enable you to play real money games without having to make a deposit. This is a great tool for online casinos to acquire new players as it lets them try out the casino without having to make a deposit. In some countries it helps solve the “trust” issue casino players have with online casinos. Many players who feel comfortable depositing and playing at one online casino will be wary when trying out another one they’ve never played at. Other players don’t want to make a deposit without trying out the software and games so a no deposit bonus can definitely help here. Some online casinos give no deposit bonuses as part of their standard offering and others steer well away from such bonuses as they claim that they tend to attract the wrong type of players, i.e. players who have no intention of playing for real money in the first place and that it just puts a strain on the support team with no actual outcome. I think that the truth is probably somewhere in the middle and that people claim no deposit bonuses for different reasons.


Online Games – The Evolution

Now we see thousands of people playing online games such as tetris, ping pong, mario bros, super mario etc for free but despite its history dating back to 1970s, for most people online gaming began with the explosion of Internet in 1993 and with the advent of Doom and Warcraft sometime in 1994 or 1995. This got further boost with publishers starting to add Internet connectivity to computer games in 1994-95.

The media, in fact, have themselves been ignorant about online games แทงบอลผ่านเว็บ history. As far as they are concerned, online gaming just coincidentally happened when their advertisers started producing Internet-capable games. But it isn’t so…

Early Years of development

In early 1950’s a college student created a game much like Tic-Tac-Toe for a class project to be played on dinosaur computers of those days complete with cathode ray tubes for the screen display. The 1960’s had MIT students programming a game called “Space war” that could be played with two people over a primitive network. The late 1960’s brought the first “real” video games like table tennis and shooter games.

The 70s – the game begins

Serious online gaming began with the first interactive online game called ADVENT. In fact networked gaming got conceptualized with ADVENT. Networked gaming had users playing against each other within an online fantasy world. The first networked game was called Mazewar, a game which involved networked players traveling through a maze and attempting to kill one another.

Next came the interpersonal interaction in a multi-player environment. The first such game was called DUNGEN. DUNGEN had players competing against one another to complete a series of quests. DUNGEN provided with new settings and players each time the user logged on.

The late 1970’s saw the start of video game craze with more and more households getting computer savvy. As a natural corollary, people started writing their own games for the home computers. These programming hobbyists traded and sold these home-grown games in local markets.

Other changes in the 1970’s were home gaming consoles which used game cartridges. That meant the people could collect games cartridges for one base unit instead of having bulky game console systems.

The 80s – some pause before the storm

1980’s saw growing craze for the video and computer game craze, but online gaming wasn’t on the horizon yet. New games with better sound and graphics were introduced and gained popularity. Pole Position and Pac-man were two that achieved big popularity. It was during 1980’s when Nintendo introduced its first gaming system.

The 90s – revolution begins

The 1990’s saw the phenomenal growth in both popularity and technology mostly because of the rise of 3-D and multimedia.

Myst, the intellectual adventure game introduced gaming on the CD-ROM format. Fancier 3-D graphics hardware made FPS (first person shooter) games such as Quake possible.

Fashion Blogs Are So Important

A fashion blog is a great way for online retailers to create lots of regular, relevant fashion content for their website. It serves three important purposes, to provide a service and information for readers that will make them want to visit the site again, to help optimise the website and increase its search engine rankings and traffic for relevant key words and to provide a showcase and information on the sites products which help increase the conversion rate. Fashion is all about being up to the minute and it is important that that everything you do including your methods of communications end the right message about your company. Blogging is currently a very fashionable and trendy form of communication.

A fashion blog will add credibility to fashion website by showing that the company is up with the latest trends and knows about the fashion industry. It can talk to customers in an appropriate language and tone and is a great way of communicating with the younger fashion consumers fashion blog that have enjoy reading blogs. A big attraction of blogs for readers is the speed at which they can be updated allowing them to give up the minute information on the latest trends and styles.

Search engines love blogs, partly because of the huge amount of content and partly because they are frequently updates. A fashion blog about the latest trends or fashions will naturally include lots of relevant keywords so will be great for bringing lots of interested customers to a website. In fact recent findings by Heathcote Communications suggest that fashion blogs give a much higher ROI than many other forms of Internet marketing including pay per click. It all comes back to that old SEO mantra ‘content is king’.

Finally a blog allows the retailer to showcase their products and help in your customers in their decision making process. You can give them information on how to wear your clothes and what combinations go together well. Also how your clothes relate to current fashions and trends giving the customer assurance that they will look stylish and up to the minute in the clothes that they choose to purchase.

In the competitive industry of fashion and the current global economy, a successful online retailer will be one that takes advantage of every opportunity available to them and stays ahead of the game with the latest and most innovative methods of communication. A fashion blog is an ideal way for online fashion retailers to do so and drive traffic and sales to their website.

This article was written by Ceri Heathcote. Heathcote Communications offer a variety of bespoke solutions to fashion brands and online retailers. Whether you are looking to increase traffic to your website, increase your profile or create a buzz about your products or brand, Heathcote Communciations can help. We work to increase sales and company profile for fashion related companies and companies selling fashion related products.


How To Choose The Best Wallet That Suits Your Man

Nowadays, the rules when it comes to men’s style have softened to some extent. While there are still those who favor the old school rules, famous Hollywood and sports celebrities have changed the game for fashion.

But that is not saying that men can get away with almost anything, the way women do. Look at the case of accessories as an example. When talking about men’s accessories, they look at function first before aesthetics. And the wallet is a perfect example of the precedence of function over aesthetics when it comes to men’s accessories. For men, particularly professionals, a wallet not only serves as a credit card holder or an accessory to https://geeklah.com/best-wallet-trackers.html keep money and other essential things but it is also something that reflects a man’s style.

But what actually makes the best wallet for a man? Apparently, among the necessary criteria for selecting a wallet for your man is function. Apart from keeping cash and credit cards, it should have enough space or pockets for other important things. When it comes to style, the best rule to follow is to find a wallet that matches the personality of the person you are giving it to. Of course, if he is an industry professional, you would avoid giving a biker wallet.

For a professional, a two-fold wallet with a dimension of 3.5 inches by 4 inches will be ideal. This has enough room for all his daily essentials without looking bulky. But if you think he wants something that is of smaller size, you can look for a tri-fold wallet with a dimension of 7cm X 9cm. The only drawback of this wallet is it cannot carry coins and this is something you need to take into consideration when making a choice.

On the contrary, if your man is fond of cowboy or western style, you might want to buy long fellows which are bigger than the two- or tri-fold wallets. You can find wallets of this style in shops that sell western wear and the likes. A major advantage of long fellows is that they stick out from the jean’s back pocket which makes them easier to take out.

When it comes to colors, brown and black are mostly preferred, but some men choose colors according to their personal inclination. You may want to choose a color that matches most of the clothes he wears.

A Necessary Evil

Much has been said about profit and its implications in the society. Some people have supported the existence of profit. Others have argued against it. This essay intends to establish the need for existence of profit.

Those who have supported the existence of profit have their own reasons that also support the morality of it. Those who have argued against profit have their own reasons that see the immorality in it. For profit to be seen as good it ought to be carried out within certain levels of morality – In this case it will be accepted. For profit to be seen as bad it will exhibit certain levels of immorality thence rejected.

When profit is obtained within acceptable levels, it may not be condoned,  agriculture research papers but when obtained at excessive levels without proper justifications, it may carry with it immorality (in which case it is abnormal). That is why we refer to profit as either being normal or abnormal profit.

Justification of Existence of Profit

(a) What is profit?

When goods and services are produced and provided, there is need to understand the costs involved so that a price that includes some return can be established. This selling price includes a mark-up on the cost that eventually gives the profit.

Selling price – costs = profit

Therefore, profit is the money that is obtained above the production costs when goods and services are sold.

For example, when a person sells goods or services to customers, s/he needs to understand what it costs to provide or produce such goods or services and deliver them to customers so that a price can be fixed that brings a profit. For instance,

1. Mr. Kamau sells goods in his shop or kiosk that costs him sh.5, 000. The revenue obtained totals sh.6, 000. Therefore Kamau gets a profit of sh.1, 000.

6,000 – 5,000 = 1,000


2. A small scale farmer (Simiyu) uses inputs that go into cultivation of crops on his farm totaling sh.28, 000. After selling what is produced on the farm, he realizes revenue of sh.33, 000. Therefore his profit is sh.5, 000. See Table below

Revenue – cost price = PROFIT

33,000 – 28,000 = 5,000


Clearing of land -500

First ploughing -2,000

2nd ploughing -2,000

Seed (50 kg) -2,500

Fertilizer -6,000

Labor -3,000

Weeding (labor) -4,000

Harvest -3,000

Preparation and storage (before sale) -5,000

TOTAL -28,000

N.B: considering all living factors, this farmer never has any money in his pocket since the sh.5,000 has to be applied on purchased items e.g. salt, tea leaves, sugar, cooking oil, soap, lotion, basins, cups and kettles, plates, spoons, water jars, clothes-ware and bed-ware, paraffin, matches, leave alone educating children. The farmer relies on his farm for food stuffs.

3. A lady who sells ripen bananas at a local market experiences the following costs and revenues:


Cost of banana bunch 150

Cost of municipal ticket 20

Revenue from sales 220

(S.P) – C.P. = PROFIT

Sh.220 – Sh.170 = Sh.50

N.B: The examples above reflect the general business activities. The corporate business organizations however would call for extensive elaborations that would still arrive at profit that justify their organizations.

(b) How is profit arrived at and the view of it

The above examples give a picture of how profit is arrived at and depending on its level; it therefore can be seen as bad or good

Understanding man’s needs

This essay is talking about profit. The question is HOW and WHY does profit exist? Profit comes about because people have needs that need to be satisfied. Some other people sell to these people (customers) the goods and services that satisfy these needs at a price. But we have seen that price includes the costs of production and a mark-up.

Therefore the satisfaction of man’s needs that leads to trading or commercial activities eventually give rise to profit that’s being talked about here. The inner question of WHY profit exists is discussed elsewhere in this paper.

Identification of resources to effect production

In order to satisfy man’s needs, production has to be effected. The resources that are needed needs to be identified. They will include: Raw materials, equipment machinery, and labor. Therefore production is the transformation of raw materials using equipment, machinery, and human labor to produce goods and services that will satisfy man’s needs.

N.B: We are touching on needs and resources because there will be costs involved in trading transactions that involve sellers and buyers – that will lead to profit for the sellers. The process to produce will call for some organization to effect production. This organization can either be a single person or a business entity that is selling goods and services to customers.

Need for production organization and provision of service


How Much To Spend For SEO Services?

Do you have any idea about SEO or SEO services? If no then this article is for you and also for those who want to enhance their knowledge regarding search engine optimization. In recent times, internet marketing has opened new gates for seo services. Though finding out best quality seo services is really tough but if you are determined, you will surely find out the most reliable one that can serve your business purpose.

SEO is not only about optimizing a site and making it popular, it has changed a lot. One of the best strategies that the companies can employ to promote their business is seo services. group buy seo Every site is competing with the other site for reaching at the top of the search engine. That is why the companies should be careful when searching for seo companies providing good optimization services.

Frankly speaking, if you want to enjoy the best of services, you will have to spend for that. Professionals who will work for your company will give their best shot only if they get their credit for that in terms of money. Every business organization should decide from the beginning as how much to spend on seo or search engine optimization. Sturdy and strong online marketing is crucial for surviving in this web-driven world.

Basically there are four types of payment models used by the companies offering such services. SEO provider offers these below mentioned four forms of services:

Monthly Allowance: In this particular model, the clients are liable to pay a fee each month for the array of services that they provide. This is the most common payment model as it brings back the highest ROI. Arranging monthly allowance include on-site content improvements, link building, press releases and optimization.

Project based Allowance: Project based allowance is similar to that of contract services. Payment varies according to the project. If the project is lengthy, they will charge from you a big amount and if the project is short, fewer amounts will be charged from you.

Fixed price: Basically all the seo agencies sell contract services. The services that the seo companies offer are often advertised on the internet along with the price they charge. You can browse online in search of the companies and SEO services India offering seo services and the best part is that you are also having an idea about the price. This will help you take decision faster whether or not to deal with that company. Most of the reputed and professional seo companies offer fixed rates to help others enjoy benefits by availing their services.

Hourly Allowance: Last but not the least, is Hourly allowance. Some of the companies offering seo services charge on hourly basis. Suppose they are providing services only for 1 day or for 3-4 hours, in that case they will charge from you for that one day. In some cases it is better to deal with the companies charging hourly fees and vice-versa.